A comparison of the fiscal policy of Latin America with that of the OECD countries reveals its meager redistributive capacity. In the latter, market income inequality mobile phone number list before state action is only somewhat lower than that observed in Latin American countries. But when fiscal policy is considered, there are notable differences: in OECD countries, the Gini coefficient falls by 35% after public transfers mobile phone number list and taxes,Latin America does only 6% .
Against this background are inscribed the renewed demands for higher taxes on the richest. But it is not an easy issue: it is not clear that the crisis is giving rise to broader social consensus than in the previous period towards greater distributive mobile phone number list equality. Likewise, in a context of economic decline, the resistance of these sectors may be more accentuated than in prosperous times already past, and the difficulties may increase in defining, specifically, what types of charges and to whom are more viable. Make other problems mobile phone number list more visible Finally, there are issues that were less discussed before but that are on the table today. One, of course, involves health systems.
In Latin America, health is a problem that is generally of individual concern, but is not at the center of public debate, except among experts and economic actors. The pandemic shows behind the scenes and weaknesses of the health systems of each mobile phone number list country. Public investment has increased in the new century, but it is still insufficient: Costa Rica, Cuba and Uruguay are the only countries that allocate more than 6% of their GDP to health (while countries such as France, Switzerland or Sweden allocate more than 11 %). The increases have not been mobile phone number list sufficient to guarantee access for the poorest and for those who live in areas or regions far from services concentrated in large cities.